Joe Biden Called Ella Baker “A Giant of the Civil Rights Movement.” Here’s Why Her Philosophy Matters Now.
The article below was written by Dr. Patricia Parker for
The University of California Press to accompany the release of her new book.
At a moment when much of the world may have been watching to see what Mr. Biden would say, how he would make the case for his presidency at this critical time in history, he chose to spotlight one of the most influential, yet unheralded, architects of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement.
In my new book, Ella Baker’s Catalytic Leadership: A Primer on Community Engagement and Communication for Social Justice, I make the case for why Ella Baker’s wisdom is as relevant now as it was in the 50’s and 60’s. As a civil rights and human rights activist whose career as a community organizer spanned more than fifty years, she left us with tools and lessons on how to catalyze the power of everyday democracy through community-based collaborations.
Ella Baker’s group-centered organizing philosophy focuses on creating and cultivating leaders from the grassroots up and not from the top down. As I detail in the book, her approach incorporates time-tested organizing tools for communication advocacy, but these tools are not the means to an end. Rather, the focus is on meeting people where they are and taking into account how white supremacy, patriarchy, and extreme capitalism are operating in a particular context. Developing a critical consciousness about those conditions and the root causes of them is one of many responses and perhaps often not the first or obvious one. Ella Baker’s focus was on developing the capacity to discern the seeds of critical consciousness in a community and nurture and grow that into collective leadership for social justice.
For the past 15 years, I have put Ella Baker’s philosophy into practice, translating what I understand as her catalytic leadership approach. My book describes the first six years of that work, the lessons learned through trial and error, and a set of commitments and practices that others can apply in their efforts. The book is based on a case study of a small collective of African American teen girls and their parents, university faculty, students, and community activists learning leadership in the spirit of Ella Baker. Our collective’s social justice work takes place in College Town, a fictionalized name used to signify the racialized spaces where historically White universities are situated in or near historically Black communities. Those racial dynamics are manifested in the over-policing of Black bodies and persistent inequities in health, education, housing, and employment.
From this case study, readers will find detailed illustrations for entering, engaging, and catalyzing community-based collaborations. They will also find concrete communication practices for coalition building and solidarity in social justice activism. Most importantly, I think readers will benefit from the deep self-critical work I reveal in the book as I confront the limits and possibilities of alliances that involve people like me from outside a community engaging with people in vulnerable life situations.
Ella Baker was a masterful bridge leader. My hope is that readers will be inspired to follow her example as I did in College Town.
College Town could be Any Town. The outrage over George Floyd’s murder this past May sparked protests in cities and rural areas across the US and around the world. People from all backgrounds have marched in support of the Black Lives Matter Movement and are calling for the kind of social justice leadership and transformative change modeled in Ella Baker’s praxis. I see the spirit of Ella Baker in the current work of community-based activists, like Kandace Montgomery, part of the lead team in Black Lives Matter Minneapolis; the leaders of the Black Youth Project of Durham, North Carolina; and others from around the US and globally, who have been laboring in their communities to dismantle structural racism and work toward a true democracy, as Ms. Baker envisioned. My book is meant to honor that work and catalyze others like it.
I don’t know what Joe Biden intended with his reference to Ella Baker’s legacy. I do know that for too long, what Black women have learned through centuries of antiracist and antisexist organizing has been co-opted, taken for granted, or ignored. That tradition of social justice leadership can and should be engaged in the current moment of political ferment. Ella Baker’s praxis—the connection of theory to practice—can lead the way.
A passion for pathways: Careers in diversity and inclusion for STEM postdocs
By Alaina G. LevineJan. 31, 2019 , 2:00 PM
When Nicole Cabrera Salazar was a grad student in astronomy, she should have received support, encouragement, and guidance from her mentor and her department. A hard-working, talented scholar, she ended up winning two fellowships: The first was the prestigious U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) Graduate Fellowship, and the second would enable her to pursue research in France. But instead of positive reinforcement and help, she experienced microaggressions and negative responses to her pursuit of continued excellence.
When she approached her advisor about the idea of applying for a Fulbright Fellowship, he presented her with a litany of “no’s,” “shouldn’ts,” and “couldn’ts”: “Honestly, I don’t think you should apply; you don’t have anything to contribute; you haven’t progressed enough in your research project; you don’t have the qualities I like to see from my best and brightest,” and on and on, she recalls. “I also got this from other professors and peers. As soon as I started succeeding, a lot of obstacles were put in my way,” from getting pushback about the makeup of her dissertation committee to the department assigning her to teach labs without her consent, when her NSF fellowship strictly stated that it was her choice to teach.
“I didn’t want other women of color to experience this, so I started a mentoring program. Then I started to think about science communications with a focus on people of color,” says Cabrera Salazar, who is Latina. Her passion to create programs to support and enable the success of those around her led to the opportunity to attend the inaugural Inclusive Astronomy Conference in 2015, which helped crystalize how her desire to fix the serious flaws she found in the STEM pipeline could translate to a rewarding career.
She began building up her network, enhancing her knowledge base in diversity, equity, and inclusion issues, and designing a portfolio of services to offer potential clients. In 2018, only one year after receiving her Ph.D., Cabrera Salazar launched her business, Movement Consulting, LLC. She works primarily for science departments, where she aids them to foster more inclusive cultures. Her output includes workshops and trainings as well as assessments on hiring practices and admission policies, among other areas.
“Culture is a huge issue when it comes to retention of marginalized people, including people of color, so I help departments figure out what they could do and do it better,” she says.
Cabrera Salazar’s story is unfortunately not unique; it is not unusual for underrepresented minorities (URMs), including minorities of gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, ability, and nationality to experience harassment, pushback, and a general sense of being unwelcomed in STEM. But universities and other institutions are recognizing the challenges they face with inequality, exclusive and toxic climates, and a lack of diversity, and how all these factors impede the progress of URM researchers and the collective advancement of STEM. Finally, institutions are taking some action and hiring D&I professionals to develop strategic plans and guidance to put their cultures on the right track.
In research, we answer really tough questions, by taking large-scale problems and breaking them down to digestible pieces. I have that same energy and enthusiasm when I am thinking about how we can train students, give access, and expand access [to the sciences].
Johnna FriersonJohnna Frierson
AMANDA DIXONScientists and engineers: Good at helping their own STEM-educated pros are stepping up to bat to aid in this critical effort to change the academy. W. Marcus Lambert, assistant dean of diversity and student life at the Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences in New York, whose doctorate is in biomedical sciences, pivoted toward a career in D&I, due to “my lived experience [as an African American],” he says. “Being a part of an underrepresented group moving through science, I saw some of the barriers and challenges that come along with that. I was really motivated to try to do something about it.”
When it comes to those who pursue careers in D&I for the sciences, it seems only logical that scientists and engineers should lead the charge. They after all, know the culture, customs, and language of science and the academy.
“We are trained to approach complex problems in a very analytical and methodical way, so even if the problem is something unfamiliar, we have a very specific set of tools for making abstract problems more concrete and feasible,” says Johnna Frierson, founding director of the Office of Diversity and Inclusion at the Pratt School of Engineering at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. Noting the parallels between her previous work in the life sciences and her current work in D&I, she explains, “In research, we answer really tough questions, take large-scale problems and break them down to digestible pieces. I have that same energy and enthusiasm when I am thinking about how we can train students, give access, and expand access [to the sciences].”
Lorenza A. D’Alessandro, a senior scientist and equal opportunities commissioner at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) in Heidelberg, was also motivated to change careers and move into D&I. “I wanted to contribute more, not only to science but to the mindset of science at the organizational level—to change the mentality of the institution to support younger scientists so they will have fewer issues [with career advancement],” she shares.
Think bigD&I careers are typically found in organizations, including universities, companies, government agencies, and nonprofits, and there are certainly more jobs in the D&I space now than there were even 15 years ago, says Lambert. There are also entrepreneurs, such as Cabrera Salazar, whose manufactured their own career and businesses when they noticed the gaps in opportunities for URMs.
No matter the ecosystem, it is important to strategically and proactively tie your D&I efforts to the bottom line of your organization and field. WhenKathinka Best, a diversity manager for Bertelsmann, the Germany-based mass media and education company (with 120,000 employees worldwide), co-organized a diversity conference for 100-plus top managers, “it was of utmost importance that our executives understand the different advantages diversity brings to the table,” she says. “Diversity delivers measurable benefits—it is a driver of creativity and economic success.”
Similarly, when Marenda Wilson-Pham, associate dean of the Graduate College at Rush University in Chicago, was considering a career in D&I, her mentor, an associate dean of graduate education, told her to take a strategic and surprising approach. “He said to make your programs so popular that others besides URMs want to participate,” she says. So, early in Wilson-Pham’s career, when she was program manager of diversity and alumni networking (and later as assistant dean of diversity and alumni affairs) at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDA) Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences (GSBS) in Houston, Texas, she assigned herself a goal: to create an environment that supports everyone, and in doing so she would bolster the success of URMs. The results of her strategic thinking led to great results at GSBS: There had been a 45% attrition rate for URMs, which decreased to 12%. The number of URMs increased across the campuses, from 7% when she started, to 25% when she left. And overall, she notes, the quality of the students increased. “Top schools were sending their URMs to USBS because of the success we were having.”
Keep your faculty statusWorking in D&I in a university affords certain luxuries—in particular, the opportunity to stay connected to STEM. In fact, there are even ways to maintain your faculty appointment or transition while you are a professor. M. Claire Horner-Devine, who received her Ph.D. in biological sciences from Stanford University, is the cofounder and codirector of three federally funded, national programs at the University of Washington (UW) designed to accelerate and improve the career advancement of early-career women and researchers from underrepresented groups in STEM. She had a secure faculty track as a tenured professor in the UW School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, but “as that was progressing, I was also developing the equity part of my career and realized that it was the latter I enjoyed the most. It was the most challenging to me and most impactful to individuals and institutions, and to me,” she says. “Over time, I closed my lab and stopped the ordering of the pipettes and now I work fully in diversity, equity, and inclusion, both through UW as well as through my own consulting practice, Counterspace Consulting.”
Sloan Board PhotoRenetta Garrison Tull, who serves the University System of Maryland as both director of Graduate and Professional Pipeline Development and special assistant to the senior vice chancellor for academic affairs—and is also associate vice provost for strategic initiatives at the University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC)—highly encourages STEM Ph.D.’s to consider a faculty appointment even before making the D&I switch. “I get a lot of students and postdocs who want to be in the diversity space for their career because they don’t want to be a professor. I respond that I’m able to do what I do because I have had faculty experience, in varying capacities at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and UMBC’s College of Engineering and Information Technology. I have an opportunity to engage with faculty peers. This is an important piece that young professionals might not realize, because the real change comes within the department—the faculty are the ones who influence the mentoring and can make changes,” she says.
Understand the roleD&I professionals tend to take a holistic approach to their work—affecting change for the betterment of STEM and the people in STEM, now and in the future—by engaging in detailed, granular projects. These can include strategic planning, training, mentoring, and program development as well as recruitment of faculty, students, staff, and postdocs.
One increasingly important aspect of D&I is its emphasis on data and social science. “We need the data and social science and education research to underscore the evidence basis for a program,” says Tull.
Best adds: “It is critical to keep diversity management as unemotional as possible. You can be highly motivated to change things, but make sure your ideas are always based on rational arguments, real numbers, and real data.”
D&I professionals collaborate with statistcians, sociologists, and other administrators to obtain and mine vital data, and some look to get their own credentials in this space. While working, Lambert returned to school for a Master’s in clinical epidemiology and learned how to do social science research. This eventually enabled him to add a faculty position to his resume.
“The lens that I have as a scientist is that it’s really important to share what we learn with each other, so we can attack this issue from a strategic place and one that is based in data,” says Frierson.
“Meaningful” and “fun”When it comes to addressing humanity’s grand challenges, science and engineering depends on everyone getting a seat and a voice at the table. D&I professionals have their work cut out for them, and the job market for STEM professionals who wish to transition into D&I is favorable. It is also a very enjoyable career path for those who select it.
Hilde Janssens, good practice officer at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria, near Vienna, calls her role “meaningful, never boring, and a creative job,” and she appreciates how multifaceted the topic of diversity is.
And D’Anne Duncan, director of diversity and learner success at the Graduate Division of the University of California San Francisco, says, “This path is fun and dynamic. We want institutions to leave the door open to individuals with biomedical Ph.D.s who are not faculty members, but have the scientific training and expertise to push the field [of D&I] forward.”
Ultimately, pursuing a career path in D&I is a very personal choice. “I loved the science and working with animal models, but at the end of the day I felt like I was curing a mouse, and what I really liked was helping people,” saysMichelle D. Jones-London, chief of the Office of Programs to Enhance Neuroscience Workforce Diversity (OPEN), National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, U.S. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. “Being an African American woman in science, there’s a level of pressure—so many people were depending on me to stay in science, but I knew I owed it to myself to follow my own passion. In my job I’ve been able to see people participate in programs I had the honor of designing and implementing. I’m making a difference in people’s lives that I can actually measure—and for a job, that’s pretty awesome.”
Posted in: Alaina G. LevineAlaina G. Levine is a science writer, science careers consultant, and author of Networking for Nerds (Wiley, 2015).
Originally published February 2013 here.
"Activist Professor inspire me to speak out" By Mashallah Salaam
The room was huge and flooded with college students. It was pretty dark, and as it got closer for me to speak, I could feel myself getting more nervous by the minute.
I clutched my paper tighter as I felt my heart beating faster and faster. Suddenly it was my turn. “This is it,” I whispered to myself as I made my way to center stage.
It had all started when I was introduced to a group called S3!, which stands for “Striving Sisters Speak!” I had met my group leader, Professor Patricia Parker, founder and director of the Ella Baker Women’s Center, at an annual festival called “Neighborhood Night Out” held at the Hargraves Center in Chapel Hill.
She told us how she created the group to build leaders out of young African-American females like me to create positive change within and outside our communities. The group is based on the life’s work of human rights activist, Ella Baker who spent her childhood in Littleton North Carolina and graduated valedictorian at Shaw University in 1927.
My mom and I decided to attend a meeting. When we got there, Professor Parker explained how every year we would learn about an issue, then plan and attend events to spread awareness. This is a part of her “learn, teach, lead” model – what she calls “critical pedagogy” – which empowers learners to teach others.
I knew that this was something I really wanted to do. My mother and I soon became very active in this group. It was not long before we started attending events about the “Raise the Age campaign” for 16- and 17-year-old youth offenders charged as adults, even when they are arrested for less serious or non-violent crimes. We even had the opportunity to talk with actual lawyers and judges about the injustice of the “school to prison pipeline.”
We learned so much and worked so hard to promote awareness about this issue that I began to feel like a real activist!
Weeks later we knew that we were ready to present this information at a UNC showcase event. I was chosen to be a speaker for the presentation that we all prepared, which made me very nervous, considering that I tend to be very shy. But luckily I had the support of the S3 members, Professor Parker and her students. They rehearsed with me several times, which really helped, especially since Professor Parker is an associate professor of communication studies at UNC Chapel Hill.
When my turn finally came, I thought about everything Professor Parker had taught me. I looked all around the auditorium and could count about 100 people or more. I could see my mom and some of my S3! members sitting in the front middle row. Professor Parker was standing right beside me. The bright light was shining directly at me. Then I began to speak.
Afterward, I got some very supportive feedback and compliments, which really surprised me! I began to feel more confident and brave. All thanks to the group that started it all; S3!
But the best part of this is knowing that my group S3!, learned all of this together. We are like true sisters inside an intellectual and social journey that gives us the knowledge and confidence to let ourselves shine.
Mashallah Salaam is a home-schooled student in Chapel Hill. To learn more about S3!, visit the Ella Baker Women’s Center website at http://ellabakerwomenscenter.org/
Dr. Parker and Youth Leaders Attend 2009 Inaugural Celebration
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 14, 2009
The e-mail Patricia Parker received shortly after New Year’s Day seemed like a dream. She and members of the Chapel Hill youth action group that she founded were invited to celebrate the presidential inauguration in Washington, D.C., on Jan. 20 – for free. Parker, a communication studies associate professor in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s College of Arts and Sciences, is the founder of the Ella Baker Women’s Center for Leadership and Community Activism. The flagship project of Parker’s nonprofit is Striving Sisters Speak!!! (S³), a group of young minority women in low-income neighborhoods who are working to create coalitions of social justice in their communities.
Originally published here.
Patricia Parker—associate professor in communication studies, IAH Fellow and IAH Leadership Advisory Board member—is tired. “But it’s a good tired,” says Parker, who has had a busy few years.
In addition to the typical teaching and research load of any UNC faculty, Parker’s latest activities include founding a nonprofit organization that works with local low-income communities, establishing a group to empower young women of color, taking members of that group to the Presidential Inauguration, planning and executing a conference on models of youth/adult collaboration, going with a group of young women to Chicago for a conference on community organizing… and then starting the planning process to do it all again next year.
Originally published on "The Revolution Starts at Home" tumblr:
What does transformative justice/ community accountabilty mean to you?
Transformative justice means that we are all loving participants in an intentional journey towards justice and wholeness with each other, with the planet and within ourselves at the same time. It means we do what it takes to be present enough with each other to be transformed by each other. Community accountability means we give an account of our reality to each other, and then we give it again and we listen. It means we can really speak to each other and listen to each other and transform our actions accordingly. It means we build structures that allow us to do this collectively and to invite more of our community into the process.
How do you create justice and safety in your communities without using the police or the state?
In Durham, out of the work of UBUNTU (a women of color/survivor led coalition to end gendered violence and create sustaining transformative love) and a delegation from North Carolina to the Critical Resistance 10 Conference we created something called the Durham Harm Free Zone. The manifestation of the Harm Free Zone include an initiative facilitated by the Ella Baker Women’s Center through which residents in a local public housing community have implemented their plans to create safety in their community by building relationships and pushing back against the imposed criminalization that the housing authority levies against them.
This has been an inspiring process to witness, especially in the name of Ella Baker who was raised in communities creating safety without even the option of calling in the police. Another exciting outgrowth is the Safe in Our Streets youth organizing and awareness collective which is part of the SpiritHouse youth program. It has been amazing to watch visionary youth collect stories and create transformative performances, PSA’s and campaigns that are accountable to the safety needs of queer youth of color and other criminalized youth of color in our communities.
The miracle that impacts me the most everyday is that by ritualizing our relationships and intentionally building radical alignment I have the rare and priceless experience of having a network of comrades to call on in times of need, times when I don’t feel safe, and times when I don’t know how to help someone else arrive at safety. This is the ongoing fruit of organizing together, the trust and action built from knowing who has your back and who will support you in having someone else’s back too.
In collaboration with the NC Dream Team and The Ella Baker Women’s Center for Leadership and Community Activism, and sponsored by the Chapel Hill’s Public Arts Commission and the Office of Public and Cultural Arts, local visual artist Luis Franco and poet and writer Kane Smego organized a project with African American, Latino, and multiracial youth to discuss racial identity and issues of racism through the expressive medium of the graphic novel or comic book.
During a series of twelve Saturday morning workshops at the Street Scene Teen Center (and additional outside work) the teens developed their characters by writing poems about themselves and their own experiences with racism. They then crafted story lines, storyboards and plot sequences, and drew and colored the various frames to bring their superheroes to life on the pages of their very own comics. The teens’ artwork and poetry debuted in an exhibition at The ArtsCenter recently in Carrboro.
“Comics Speak!” grew out of a response to a community need for expression, discussion, and collaboration. The goal was to empower youth of color to use the arts to confront the obstacles they and their communities face on a regular basis, as well as celebrate the vibrant cultural identities they possess. The project provided space and instruction for these youth to connect and identify these issues, by using both visual art and spoken word as a means of communicating with the community at large. The project was an extension of two earlier community workshops conducted by Chapel Hill’s Sacrificial Poets that identified a desire for an artistic means of expression for the teens that was positive and identity-affirming.
Source: Chapelboro. http://chapelboro.com/lifestyle/arts-entertainment/comic-speak-at-the-artscenter